Interviwed by: Washington Castilhos
CLAM- Centro Latino Americano em Sexualidade e Direitos Humanos
de Almeida, director of the documentary “Living Day By Day” sees no difference
in the hate crimes against gays and transgenders
that occur in the many social regions of
In the beginning of the year, graffiti with homophobic threats, attributed to a group named “Farmeganistan”, were found on the walls in the famous
His last documentary, “Living Day By Day”, tells the story of transgenders’ daily lives, and the brutalities and injustices they suffer on an everyday basis. The documentary mirrors the complete abandonment and exclusion by the public sector toward this neglected segment of society. “I wish to denounce the hate crimes against gays and transgender people and bring to light the impunity with which these crimes are perpetrated. I want to bring to the forefront and make louder the voices of the many that struggle for the achievement of an open society affirming life as a universal right and value,” Vagner affirms in this interview.
Almeida is a Project Coordinator in the Brazilian Interdisciplinary AIDS Association
(ABIA), and his films are part of the “Homossexualities
Project” developed by ABIA. He is also a member of the Center for Gender,
Sexuality and Health in the Department of Sociomedical Sciences at
As a filmmaker, you have focused your eye on the
Since I primarily work with sexual diversity, I searched for ways to understand
sexuality, gender and health within the reality of poverty and violence and disease.
When we started the Project on Homosexuality in ABIA in 1993, we gathered
a great deal of information from greater
“Living Day By Day”, your most recent film produced in this area, deals with hate crimes against homosexuals. Who are the majority of victims of these crimes?
These types of hate crimes are keenly targeting gays and transgender youth which are very vulnerable groups in our society. In the film many of the youth tell about their lives as sex workers and about the many humiliating and violent incidents they deal with on a daily basis. They document these horror stories with the many scars and bullet wounds that mark their bodies. It was after witnessing this that I decided a film had to be made to tell their story. These social actors suffer the uncertainty of never knowing if they will return home once they step out of the relative safety of their homes.
What factors facilitate these types of crimes in the region?
We could start by naming the lack of respect endemic toward these individuals, the lack of police presence, the politicians with no social commitment or social conscience, no public health policies in place, no social work being done with the youth, no schools or educators willing to become involved and make a difference.
Recently, a number of crimes have been documented
A crime is a crime everywhere. There isn’t any difference among a hate crime which happened in the privileged area or in the areas where poverty is really tangible. The difference is in the lack of interest from the authorities in bringing justice to these cases.
In Ipanema, the aggressors are identified as “pit-boys,” youth from middle-class families from the region. Who are the criminals in Fluminense Valley?
According to the interviews I have conducted,
the aggressors are sharp shooters, homophobes, and religious fanatics that
incite the general population against the GLBT communities. These are people
that consider certain areas as “their own” and do not allow GLBT people to
freely walk in these areas. They stone and burn GLBT victims.
In these elitist areas, to openly deal with or even pretend to solve these
crimes, would give legitimacy to the charges in the public’s eyes. However,
this does not begin to solve the cases in the other side of the city. In
There are in fact no differences between the crimes. The same bullet that
killed the transvestite or a gay in
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